Pinot Blanc gives wines that are elegant, harmonious, full-bodied and rich. They have a greenish-yellow colour and a delicate floral scent. With maturation, their colour deepens and the original vivid aromatic expression becomes very distinctive and develops into one of ripe pears, red fruit and hazelnuts. This versatile variety is well-suited to the production of wines having a special selection of berries and even the noble qualities of botrytis, while also being ideal for sparkling wines. Pinot Blanc pairs brilliantly with smoked fish, chicken, light beef dishes, pork and mature cheeses.
Year of entry in the National Register of Grape Varieties: 1941 | Origin: France, Pinot Gris bud mutation. | Current area in the Czech Republic: 793 ha (4.4%)
Wines from this ancient grape variety have a greenish-straw to golden-yellow colour and are characterised by their intense nose and spiciness, underlined with sweet honey and hints of dried fruit. The primary aroma can be compared to that of tea rose petals, and is accompanied by further nuances – fragrances such as tropical fruits, apricots, violets or peonies, as well as spiciness evoking ginger and cinammon. Wines from ripe grapes are full and opulent, with a concentrated viscous structure. They can be served as the aperitif for ceremonial occasions, or paired with either goose-liver paté or oriental dishes.
Year of entry in the National Register of Grape Varieties: 1941 | Origin: Not known, probably Austria or South Tyrol, but it could also be Egypt. | Current area in the Czech Republic: 700 ha (3.8%)
Wines from this uniquely Moravian variety are rather similar in character to the Traminer cultivars, being aromatic, though distinctly spicier. Their refined harmony also makes them more attractive for many consumers. They are full-bodied, with lower acidity and a long finish. They boast a golden-yellow colour and on the nose as well as the palate,we find lychee, mandarin and exotic spices such as nutmeg and vanilla. They pair brilliantly with spicy dishes, paté, roasted poultry, smoked or soft-rind cheeses and desserts.
Year of entry in the National Register of Grape Varieties: 1977 | Origin: Morava wine region, crossing of ‘Traminer’× ‘Müller Thurgau ’. | Current area in the Czech Republic: 654 ha (3.6%)
Muškát moravský, MOPR/Moravian Muscat
The quality wines from this variety, which was originally developed in Moravia, possess a highly muscaty nose and reflect more than any other variety the skill and experience of the winemaker. Delicately aromatic wines with fine acidity have a green-straw hue and the nose of tangerines and oranges so typical of muscat grapes. The dry wines from Moravian Muscat best serve as an aperitif, possibly in tandem with a delicate paté or asparagus, the semi-sweet ones combine beautifully with sweet desserts.
Year of entry in the National Register of Grape Varieties: 1987 | Origin: The wine region of Moravia, a crossing of ‘Muscat Ottonel’ x ‘Prachtraube’. | Current area in the Czech Republic: 457 ha (2.5%)
The wines display a greenish-yellow colour, a pronounced nose and a well-balanced palate. They owe their popularity to the distinctive aromas of peaches, blackcurrants, so very typical of Sauvignon Blanc, and also to the nose of linden flowers, apricots and other floral scents that are mostly characteristic of Riesling. The palate is rounded, spicy and harmonious. Hibernal can be happily paired with starters, asparagus, fish or seafood. The sweeter types are especially well-suited with desserts.
Year of entry in the National Register of Grape Varieties: 2004 | Origin: Germany, crossing (‘Seibel 7.053’ × ‘Riesling’ clone 239 Gm) F2 generation. | Current area in the Czech Republic: 342 ha (1.9%)
Neuburger gives finely fragrant wines with a palate that is full and well-balanced. The highest quality and the most interesting wines, with their straw to golden-yellow colour, are crfeated through prolonged bottle maturation. On the palate, they are opulent, medium-full to full-bodied, velvety and viscous. They have a floral-fruity character with an inimitable spicy, cinammon palate. On the nose as well as the palate, hints of walnut, raspberry and cream predominate. Neuburger pairs successfully with meat dishes in cream sauces, roast poultry and duck and goose-liver patés.
Year of entry in the National Register of Grape Varieties: 1941 | Origin: Austria, random seedling of Röter Veltliner × Grüner Sylvaner. | Current area in the Czech Republic: 282 ha (1.6%)
Sylvánské zelené/Grüner Silvaner
The Sylvaner grape variety ( known as Silvaner or Grüner Silvaner in German speaking countries) has a yellowy-golden hue and a zesty nose. The more youthful wines offer a hint of grassiness leading to gooseberry. In younger wines the palate is ample, round and lightly spiced with a distinctive acidity. When reaching greater ripeness, the grapes can give wines with special attributes which, when maturing in bottle, acquire an oily texture, smoothness and supple harmony, while on the nose one discovers acacia flowers as well as mineral and vegetal tones. The wines tend to be neutral, which means they do not interfere with the taste of delicate food, and marry well with dishes made using rabbit, poultry or pork, appetisers and cream sauces.
Year of entry in the National Register of Grape Varieties: 1941 | Origin: Austria, probably a crossing between ‘Traminer‘ × ’Österreichisch Weiss’. One of the parents of Österreichisch Weiss was Heunisch Weiss. | Current area in the Czech Republic: 172 ha (0.9 %)
Veltlínské červené rané/Malvasia
This early-ripening grape variety is characterised by its golden-yellow to gold colour. The nose is multi-layered and subtle, with hints of almonds, banana and elderflower. On the palate, the wine comes across as pleasingly fruity and we can discern a mixture of garden fruit, almonds and freshly baked bread. This grape has been designated as one of the three “white“ varieties permitted for the production of Saint Martin’s wine. It matches well with hearty soups, cold starters and poultry dishes.
Year of entry in the National Register of Grape Varieties: 1952 | Origin: Lower Austria, a random crossing of ‘Grüner Sylvaner’ × ‘Röter Veltliner ‘. | Current area in the Czech Republic: 150 ha (0,8 %)